The Construction and Development History of a Hospital

Introduction

In October of 2009, the brand new Owatonna Hospital was opened in the heart of Southern Minnesota. This hospital is an excellent example of the development and construction history that is in many of the old hospitals and other health institutions. Here follows a summary of the more than 100 years of history for Owatonna Hospital.

The Early Days

In 1900, the original hospital building, which then was a two-story brick home with a barn, was obtained for $6,500 and opened its doors to patients in early 1901. In its first year, the hospital cared for 105 patients. In 1906, the first addition to the hospital was made after a donation of $10,000 was received.

From 1908 to 1932, the development of a nursing school transpired because of the demands for more trained nurses. A second addition was constructed for $101,000, in 1931, which had an additional 50 beds available. This was done due to the increased patients in need of care.

New Era

In 1961 a two-story addition was completed as part of a $1.3 million construction project. This new addition was added to the building of 1931. Later in the same decade, a further 3rd floor was added to this building.

During 1984 construction started on a new hospital that would cost $7 million to complete. This was all completed in 1985 and the hospital received a new name: the “Health Central of Owatonna.” In 1991 a Department for Mental Health opened its doors for patients and offered different mental health treatments and evaluations.

In 1997, a $1.5 million renovation occurred. These renovations altered about 10,000 square feet of the entire hospital and its facilities. Further minor renovations also took place in the years of 1991-1992, 1998-1999 and in 2001 as well.

The Modern Era

New plans were made to start construction of a new Owatonna Clinic in the 26th street location in 1999 and they looked into obtaining further land to develop a healthcare campus,. A recommendation was made in 2002 to start with the construction of a brand new hospital building, but was first based on a 3-year study.

In 2005 the recommendations for this new hospital construction were approved, and in 2006, funds totaling $46 million were released to begin with the planning and construction. In September of 2007, excavations began for the new hospital.

Finally, on October 16, 2009, the final opening of the new Owatonna Hospital took place.

Hospital Trauma (Part 1) Falling and Other Mishaps

Every hospital has risk assessment and fall prevention protocols, yet every hospital has patients falling out of bed, while walking, during transfer, from a chair, from the portable commode, from the toilet, from a seated position, while taking a shower, and while dressing. A great many of those accidents result in serious and sometimes fatal injuries, such as hip fractures, skull fractures, brain hemorrhage, rib fractures, and the like.

In a court case, the question of liability rests with whether the fall was preventable. Most cases are the result of negligence where the staff members dropped the patient, forgot to put up the side rails, or failed to answer the call buzzer in a timely manner. Nonetheless, given the current state of affairs, hospital personnel cannot prevent all falls.

Thus even if a nurse takes all reasonable precautions and answers the call bells immediately, the patient could still plunge to the floor and no one person is legally to blame. Yet every accident has its cause and effect, so even when there is no specific negligence according to current standards, it is socially irresponsible to accept a certain percentage of falls as inevitable. And it seems especially irresponsible if it’s you or someone you love who has fallen.

Hospitals need further investigation to find out what design flaws exist or what is lacking in the patient’s environment that allows a sick person to slip out of bed undetected until the staff members hear the awful sound of someone hitting the floor or crashing into one of the furnishings and/or equipment items. Motion sensor and video surveillance technology has become wireless and inexpensive. With such devices, an alarm would go off every time a patient at risk placed an arm or leg off the bed. These patients would be mostly ambulatory elderly to whom the nurses gave instructions to call for assistance before getting out of bed.

Meanwhile, if you as the patient or family member as an advocate engage the staff and express your concern about the dangers of falling, this will heighten their awareness. Likewise, hospital management can also help to reduce incidence of falling by launching education campaigns warning new patients and family members about the possibility of falling and teaching what steps to take to maintain safety. They should hand out pamphlets and put up signs in the lobby and all the corridors. Fall prevention needs to be a cooperative effort between patients, family, and hospital executives and staff.

Yoga Therapy And Preventative Health

Yoga therapy has been sitting by quietly, while the mainstream population has begun to “try Yoga,” but that may soon change. With the world’s governments and financial markets struggling along, there will be many changes in the near future. The world’s governments will have to consider the massive cost of national defense, retirement programs, education, healthcare, energy, education, and preventative health.

At this time, prevention in healthcare is a “field of dreams.” As we know, some medical conditions are inherent within our specific genetic pool. However, there are many ailments, diseases, and conditions, which are preventable.

This is where healing modalities such as, Yoga therapy can become cost-effective alternatives to an over burdened medical system. Below is a question and answer session about the need for Yoga as a recognized form of therapy.

Q: What is Yoga Therapy?

A: Most of today’s Yoga therapy can be traced back to Sri Swami Tirumalai Krishnamacharya, who trained his share of modern masters, including his son T.K.V. Desikachar (Viniyoga) and B.K.S. Iyengar (Iyengar Yoga).

Yoga has therapeutic value and can be modified for any person. This is not the same form of Yoga movement seen in most health clubs. Yoga therapy involves teaching customized techniques, to one individual, based upon his or her specific needs.

This may encompass postures, specific breathing, meditation, and a large variety of Yogic techniques. The Yoga therapist’s primary objective is to treat the whole person. Complete physical health cannot be separated from emotional and mental health.

In fact, spiritual health also plays an important factor in recovery. We know that the power of prayer, mantra, and positive affirmation, will enable a person to heal faster. There is much conflict over which specific religion a person practices. Yet, this is a private decision and, as such, should be left to the individual.

Q: Why should Yoga teachers be concerned with Yoga therapy?

A: Some teachers are content teaching athletic forms of Yoga. This is a wonderful thing, but as we, and our students, grow older, teachers become aware of a variety of ailments. Constant pain creates a need for relief, because you can think of nothing else.

If you have a migraine, or back pain, can you think of much else? The mind is totally focused on pain. Hence, there is a need for inner calm and pain relief, which therapeutic Yoga can give.

Q: What is Yoga Therapy’s future role in alternative health?

A: Yoga is the source of many different healing modalities. As I have stated many times, “Yoga is the mother of all health maintenance systems.” Contemporary medicine and Yoga therapy have plenty of space together on the path to heal humanity.

There is no shortage of people who are in pain. Yoga is a cost-effective form of therapy. Together, medicine and Yoga can effectively help people who are suffering from a variety of ailments.

Copyright 2008 – Paul Jerard / Aura Publications

Why Vitamin B12 The Most Important Group Of Vitamins In Nature

Since the B complex is probably the most important group of vitamins in nature, the elements here included are also some of the most frequently found in daily meals. Vitamin B12, for instance, is taken from dairy products, eggs and meat; yet, research has revealed that it is also present in high quantities in certain seaweeds like spirulina.

What is the role of vitamin B12 in the body? It suffices to say that this element containing cobalt is essential for the synthesis of blood cells and the proper functioning of the nervous system. Thus, a person who suffers from a vitamin B12 anemia is exposed to the degeneration of the nerve fiber.

Other functions of the vitamin B12 include cellular division and rapid DNA formation, which is also crucial for the development of the bone marrow. Hence, pregnant women have to pay attention to their diet and make sure to include vitamin B12-rich food in all their meals. Only small amounts of this vitamin can be stored by the human body and the liver is the organ responsible for the deposit formation.

People who are following a vegetarian or vegan diet are the ones more likely to develop vitamin B12 anemia; therefore, lots of soy products are enriched with this vital element for the proper functioning of the body system. Unfortunately, vitamin B12 deficiency is not identifiable from the early stages, as symptoms appear further in the more advanced stages of anemia.

The main sources of vitamin B12 are meat and eggs; in terms of green sources the only known ones are spirulina and fermented soy. Therefore, the diet can be supplemented with 1.5 grams of spirulina powder per day to ensure a proper vitamin intake. Studies have also proved that vitamin B12 is naturally occurring in the human body at the intestine level.

The friendly bacteria in the low part of the digestive tract are also known to produce vitamin B12, unfortunately, at this digestion level, the compound cannot be absorbed and processed within the system. Furthermore, large amounts of vitamin B12 are also excreted in stools, and they usually come from the bacterial source in the colon linings.

People who rely on dairy products as a primary source of vitamin B12 should know that fermented yogurt for instance has a low vitamin concentration since most of it is destroyed through the fermentation process. Even milk boiling can destroy vitamin B12, therefore, a balanced diet is the one usually recommended.

Muna wa Wanjiru Has Been Researching and Reporting on Vitamins for Years. For More Information on Vitamin B12, Visit His Site at VITAMIN B12I Will Also Highly Appreciate Your Views On Vitamin B12 At My Blog here Vitamin B12

Business Opportunities in Rural Healthcare Development Hospital Sector in India

The particular Rural healthcare development hospital in India keeps growing fast. The sector is now estimated to be worthy of US$ 65 billion which is expected to reach US$ 100 billion dollars by 2015, according towards rating agency Fitch. The growth from the sector comes due to- increasing population, growing lifestyle-related health concerns, economic treatment, rising incomes, government initiatives, etc. India is the 1st country to have quite a few global healthcare providers. This rapidly developing sector in India has concluded in a qualitative shift inside patient demands. This has ended in centers of medical superiority developing and acquiring the modern medical equipment to deal with their domestic and overseas patients. Due to the development from the rural areas, people even from the villages are now be conscious about their health concerns. They are opting for more health improvements for safe and diseases free existence. This will create huge investment opportunities from the sector. Opportunities for investment in Healthcare Healthcare infrastructure: A huge amount of private capital will probably be required in the coming years in order to meet infrastructure needs of professional medical in India. An additional 2 million beds are required for India to link the gap and plan demand estimations in 2025. The government is expected to contribute only 15-20 per cent of the total, providing a huge opportunity for private players to fill the hole. Diagnostic & Pathology Providers: High cost difference in India makes for outsourcing of pathology along with laboratory tests by overseas hospital chains Telemedicine: You will find there’s vast opportunity for investment in telemedicine since it provides rural areas usage of better quality healthcare. Healthcare tourism: Medical tourism in India has also received a boost while using the arrival of patients from different countries. According to industry estimates, the market size of medical tourism is estimated being around US$ 2. 5 billion, which is growing at over 25 per cent per annum. Hence, generate enormous investment opportunities inside India.Contract Research: Contract research is often a rapidly growing segment from the Indian health care sector. Foreign players are getting into contract research to lessen their operational and specialized medical cost. Health Insurance: Increasing healthcare cost along with burden of new diseases in conjunction with low government funding features raised the demand for medical care insurance coverage. Less than 15 per cent of the Indian inhabitants is covered through medical care insurance. With the increasing requirement for affordable quality professional medical in India, the penetration of medical care insurance is poised to grow rapidly from the coming years. Major Development Drivers in l Healthcare Development Hospital In India 100 per cent FDI is permitted for everyone health-related services under the automatic route. Lower contract deals and higher depreciation on medical equipment. Income tax exemption for five several years to hospitals in rural areas, Tier II along with Tier III cities. Increasing penetration of medical care insurance. High-growth in medical travel. Medical revolution in Madurai .

Government Grants For A Non-profit Equine Therapy Center

One thing that a lot of people don’t know is that non-profit organizations can apply for and receive government grants. This is a major source of funding for lots of non-profits. Since non-profit have a lot of volunteers their overhead is usually a lot less than the typical for profit business. One non profit recently applied for and received a large government grant to improve their equine therapy center. The people at this center use horses to help both disabled children and disabled veterans improve the quality of their lives. The government grants they received will help them buy more land and more horses. It also went to help with the maintenance of the entire facility. I was informed that in the next year they will apply for six more grants.

One thing that they and many people find very helpful is to have a professional grant writer. Grant writing can at times be very frustrating and time consuming. Grant writing has become a very competitive field and there are a lot of professional grant writers available. A lot of non-profits don’t have the extra funds to hire a professional grant writer. In these cases many grant writers will offer their services at a reduced rate. If a grant writer does require payment for their services there are different ways to pay them.

One way to pay a grant writer is to make the payment continent on getting the grant awarded. Then the grant writer is given a percentage of the grant that is awarded. This is where things can get a little tricky. The organization needs to come up with a percentage that is fair to the organization and to the grant writer too. This type of pay arrangement is sometimes troubling to a lot of the agencies that give out money. The grant money is earmarked for a specific purpose and not to pay for the services of a grant writer. This could cause some problems getting government grants. Its a lot of peoples opinion that grant writers should be paid a one time fee and or an hourly wage. Either way its a better practise than going the contingent pay option. The hourly wage or flat fee method of payment for grant writers is better for them too. Not all grants are awarded. It would be an awful lot of work to write a grant and then not be paid due to reasons that are beyond the grant writers control.

Hand Sanitizer Dispensers For Hospitals

One of the most common places to see hand sanitizer dispensers are in hospitals and medical facilities. Doctors, nurses and patients alike benefit from its use. The need to fight germs and prevent illness from spreading is profound in areas like hospitals and medical facilities.

According to the Center for Disease Control, 80% of infections are spread by hand. This is because most people often touch areas of their body that can spread the infections such as their eyes, noses and mouths. Therefore the use of sanitizer can prevent illness from spreading. It should have 60% to 95% alcohol. The Center for Disease Control states that the alcohol deactivates the bacteria on hands and reduces viruses as well.

Sanitizing does not lead to resistance to antibiotics so it can be used frequently, although it should not replace regular washing of the hands. Hand sanitizer dispensers which were originally found in hospitals and medical facilities are being found more often in many other types of public places and institutions such as schools, offices, stores, restaurants and more.

It should not be used however, when hands come in contact with blood, fecal matter or dirt. It is best to thoroughly wash your hands should you come in contact with any of these. It is also best to use after washing your hands. Alcohol based sanitizer kills a range of bacteria, including (MRSA) methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, which is a flesh eating bacteria. Someone who uses sanitizer has a slower rate of bacteria redevelopment as well.

A lot of hospitals have guidelines for sanitizing, such as doctors and nurses being required to sanitize in between patients and to wash between every couple of uses of sanitizer. Also, whenever a hospital employee comes in contact with someone’s bodily fluids they are often required to wash and then sanitize as opposed to just sanitizing. People should use one dime sized drop and rub their hands together for roughly half of a minute for it to be effective. If you can’t continue scrubbing your hands together for half a minute, you likely did not use enough.

A Healthy Vinegar Dressing

One of probably the most effective vinegar dressing employed to flavour the dishes for a large number of many years now is the balsamic vinegar dressing. This type of dressing is regular and it is considered as one of your very hot dressing used by countless chefs to add some zest on their meal or salad which may well reverse possibly the tasteless meal into some thing.

The balsamic vinegar dressing is well-known because of its easiness both with specialists and residence cook. It is categorized as conventional and the commercial balsamic vinegar. Even should you were not in a position to attend proper culinary lesson about salad dressing you are able to nonetheless create the your very best tasting salad dressing using the balsamic vinegar dressing.

At present, salad dressing need not only on taste but additionally on its wellness benefits. You should possess a salad healthy dressing with very low cholesterol, low carbohydrates and it should be healthy particularly for those that have health troubles.

Take into consideration about the elements that you need to add within your salad to make it healthier without compromising the taste. Should you go to some gourmet food you will discover gourmet condiments produced of natural spreads , accoutrements and sauces.

There is no want for you to worry about creating a salad dressing, a straightforward oil and vinegar dressing is sufficient to have the ability to create a healthy dressing which is effortless to produced, with simple ingredients and is also amazing tasting.

The main ingredient in vinaigrette dressing may be the traditional aged balsamic vinegar as well as the most effective olive oil. There is no require for you personally to invest a whole lot for balsamic. If you search the web you’ll discover there are actually lots of tasting and affordable priced balsamic vinegars. Your balsamic vinegar dressing is greatest in combination with oliver oil, pepper, mustard and salt. The rule from the thumb is that a teaspoonful of mustard for every one fifty percent cup of salad dressing.

Vitamins to Improve Memory, Memory Enhancement

In most of the cases, the vitamins improve memory by protecting the nervous system. They can also enhance the other mental processes, such as the power of concentration and learning. In addition, vitamins improve memory by lowering the stress and depression levels. Nowadays, depression and stress represent the main causes of memory loss.

The Ginkgo is a gymnosperm which means naked seed; the seeds are not protected by an ovary. For many years it was thought that these trees have been extinct from the forests but now they are known to grow in two small areas Zhejiang province in eastern China, in the Tian Mu Shan Reserve. It was first brought to Europe in the 1700s and it is now a commonly prescribed drug in France and Germany. It is one of the well-researched herbs in the world.

Using vitamins for memory has only recently come onto our radar as researchers and alternative health professionals discover more about the effects that vitamins, minerals and herbs can have on memory and other mental capacities. While a multi-vitamin is good for anybody, there are specific vitamins for memory, some of which also positively affect concentration and prolong the amount of time that one is able to focus. However, the most effective way to reap the positive benefits of such memory vitamins is to take them in a cocktail form that includes the vitamins, herbs, extracts and minerals that all work together to get you the best result possible.

Healthy Habits: Eating healthy foods (especially foods that are high in vitamins and amino acids) will help you with your goal of achieving a powerful memory. Getting plenty of rest can also help you to maintain focus. Additionally, cardio and weight training are excellent for the body as they reduce stress hormones and increase blood flow throughout the body. Finally, avoid using stimulant and depressants such as alcohol and tobacco. Using these substances has a proven correlation with memory loss and reducing memory power.

Use Vitamins – There are vitamins that help in increasing memory. For instance,Vitamin B and E help in maintaining the correct nutrient deficiency. You can get these vitamins from vegetables and milk. There are also some drugs that are been sold that helps in this cause.

Antioxidants help clean up the brain and contain cell protecting properties. They also may play a part in preventing disease, while at the same time, promoting the growth of healthy brain cells. Foods high in antioxidants can dramatically reverse memory loss, restore motor coordination and balance and include raisins, apples, grapes, cherries, prunes, spinach, blueberries, garlic cooked kale, cranberries, strawberries and raspberries. Acai berries contain more antioxidants than any other berries. In addition to antioxidants, they contain omega fatty acids and are very high in protein.

Ipl Acne Therapy Treatment

IPL uses a more sophisticated type of technology that involves a xenon flash lamp and optical prisms. This method targets the damaged cells that lie deeper within the skin and avoids irritation of the surrounding tissues. A technician begins by placing cold gel on the affected area and then positions the lamp above the surface of your skin. This lamp will send light pulses to the skin. The IPL process usually lasts 15-20 minutes and depending on the level of achievement you’re looking for, can require one or multiple sessions. There are some side effects, as with all treatments, that you should be made aware of. IPL sessions can cause light bruising, mild blistering, pink skin and even hair loss.
How does IPL work for acne?

There are three forms of IPL therapy for acne – LHE Therapy, Blue-Light Therapy and IPL with medication. The choice will depend on what results you’re looking for and what your dermatologist suggests as the most effective for your individual acne spots.

LHE therapy uses both heat and light as the source to treat acne. The FDA has actually approved one IPL treatment that involves green light waves and heat. This form of IPL is meant to treat mild to moderate acne and more than likely, over a period of time. The whole process has been known to reduce the size of oil glands and kill the dirt bacteria in pores that create acne.

Blue-Light therapy is similar to LHE minus the UV radiation. It only makes sense that less UV radiation equals less damage on your skin. This form of IPL will have the same effect on killing the dirt bacteria but with less side effects than the LHE therapy. According to Robin McClain, who is a registered nurse practitioner from the University of South Florida, has reported that this form of light therapy is best used for acne vulgaris. As with all other treatments, blue-light therapy does have side effects such as dry skin and/or temporary pigmentation change. A process of eight sessions over a 4 week time period should be allowed for visible results.

Lastly, we have IPL therapy with a mixture of medication. (Again, we stress that you should consult with your dermatologist in order to make an educated decision on IPL.) The medication that is involved in this process is activated by way of pulsed light. A few hours prior to the process ALA (the medication) is applied to your skin and a numbing agent will also be used to reduce pain and/or a stinging sensation during the process. The numbing agent is typically applied an hour and a half prior to the treatment. The actual treatment is concluded in 20-30 minutes. Side effects are possible and involve slight bruising and pink skin. The recovery time usually lasts no longer than one day.